Skip to content
Cameroon: English & French (official) + Cameroonian Pidgin. Many ethnic and tribal languages including Basaa, Duala, Manenguba language, Bikya, Bung, Fula, Kanuri, Ngumba, Yeni, Bamum, Bafia, Bakweri language and many others. Some also have fluency in the German, Portuguese and Spanish languages.
Central African Republic: French & Sango (official) and 50 other African languages.
Chad: Arabic & French (official)+ more than 100 African languages.
Democratic Republic of the Congo: French (official) + Lingala, Kongo, Swahili & Tshiluba (national languages) + 238 other languages.
Equatorial Guinea: Spanish + French. Fang, Bube, Igbo, Pidgin English, Annobonese
Republic of the Congo: French (official) + Lingala & Kituba national languages + other dialects, including Kikongo and Kituba (Kikongo creole). 
Horn of Africa
Djibouti: Arabic & French (official)+ Somali & Afar.
Eritrea: no official language, with two dominant language families: Semitic (Arabic, Tigrinya, Tigre and Dahlik) and Cushitic (Afar, Beja, Blin, Saho )
Ethiopia: Amharic (official); Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali, Afar, and other Cushitic and Semitic languages.
Somalia: Somali (official) & Arabic (“second language”).
Angola: Portuguese (official language) + Cokwe, Kikongo, Oshiwambo, and 34 additional indigenous African languages 
Botswana: English + Tswana (de facto national languages). 
Comores: Arabic, Comorian, French (official),  Indian and Chinese languages.
Lesotho: English + Sotho.
Madagascar: French + Malagasy.
Malawi: Chewa (de facto language of national identity) + English (statutory national working language).
Mauritius: English (official) + French (administrative), Mauritian Creole ( lingua franca), Bhojpuri (“Hindi”), Hakka, Tamil, Urdu, Marathi and Arabic.
Mozambique: Portuguese (official language) + 43 additional indigenous African languages
Namibia: English (official) + German, Afrikaans, Ovambo (recognised regional languages)
South Africa: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Tswana, Swati, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu (co-official), sign language, Khoi, Nama and San (the languages, which the government is obliged to promote and to create conditions for their development).
Swaziland: English + Swati.
Zimbabwe: Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda and Xhosa (officially recognised).
Zambia: Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga, Lozi, Lunda, Kaonde, Luvale, Ila, Mambwe, Namwanga, Tumbuka, Aushi, Lenje, Lala and Lamba, and 57 others (72 in total).
Benin: French (official) + many indigenous languages including Fon, Yoruba & Songhay (specifically Dendi).
Burkina Faso: French (official) + Moore and Jula (regional languages)  + indigenous Sudanic languages.
Cape Verde: Portuguese + Cape Verdean Creole. 
Côte d’Ivoire: French (official) + Baule, Jula, and 60 other indigenous languages.
Gambia: English (official) + Mandinka, Wolof, Fula & others.
Ghana: English (official) + Akan, Dagaare/Wale, Dagbane, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem & Nzema + 70 others.
Guinea: French (official) + Fula & Susu.
Guinea-Bissau: Portuguese (official) + Kriol + indigenous languages.
Liberia: English (official) + 20 African languages.
Mali: French (official) + Bambara (most widely spoken) + Fula + Songhay (specifically Dendi). 11 languages are used as mediums of instruction in primary schools
Niger: French (official) + Hausa (spoken by half the population) + Songhay (specifically Zarma)
Nigeria: English (official) + Yoruba, Hausa, Igbo as three other languages of the parliament (each of which has over 20 million speakers) + 529 other African languages (some of which have over a million speakers) + Pidgin.
Senegal: French (official) + Wolof (most widely spoken) + Fula (specifically Pulaar), Diola, Malinké, Sérère, Soninké (national languages)+ other African languages
Sierra Leone: English (official) + Krio (most widely spoken) + Mende + Temne + other African languages
Togo: French (official) + Ewe, Mina & Kabiyé.